General Technical Requirements of Disposable Plastic Tableware
The new national standard GB18006.1-2009 "plastic disposable tableware general technical requirements" implementation. It is understood that after China has not yet a one-time plastic tableware national standards, but by each enterprise to develop enterprise standards, disposable plastic lunch boxes and other non-degradable tableware long-term no standard can be, although not expressly prohibited, but always no legal status. The implementation of the new national standard will completely end the status quo, in order to further standardize the production and use of plastic disposable tableware play an important role.
Since the AQSIQ on food products with the implementation of market access system, the quality of disposable plastic tableware has been significantly improved, poor quality lunch boxes because of consumer food safety awareness and gradually fade out of the market, one-time fast food Box toward the sealing, transparency, anti-hot and other multi-functional direction. Insiders pointed out that the "plastic disposable tableware general technical requirements" the implementation of the new national standard, so that the classification and management of disposable plastic tableware industry can be based on the standard, to facilitate the relevant departments to carry out supervision work, and gradually standardize the industry order , The producers, sellers, users make three parties, eliminate the non-standard production enterprises, standardize small and medium enterprises. At the same time, the relevant departments will also be in accordance with relevant laws and regulations, the market strictly regulated. Safety performance, recycling high value of disposable plastic dining table will be more competitive in the future market.
Clearly define the scope
"Plastic disposable tableware general technical requirements" provides for the definition and terminology of plastic disposable tableware, classification, technical requirements, inspection methods, inspection rules and product marks, packaging, transportation, storage requirements, and disposable tableware The range is clearly defined: refers to the intended use of meals or similar uses, including disposable lunch boxes, plates, dishes, knives, fork, spoon, chopsticks, bowls, cups, cans, pots, straws, etc. There is a one-time lined cutlery with external care, but does not include foodstuffs that are not intended for meals or similar purposes, such as fresh food trays, yogurt cups, jelly cups and so on. And plastic disposable tableware refers to the resin or other thermoplastic materials through the thermoplastic processing of disposable tableware.
It is understood that the new standard on the plastic disposable tableware technical requirements more stringent and standardized, mainly in the strict "two off" on: First, strict raw materials off. The new standard on the plastic disposable tableware raw materials to develop a special provision, such as the use of resin should be food grade; the amount of additives should be consistent with the provisions of gb9685; in the senses may not have smell; color normal; Cracks and filling defects; no oil, dust, mildew and other foreign body; surface smooth and clean, uniform texture, no scratches, no wrinkles, no stripping, no rupture, no perforation. Second, strict use of performance off. The new standard mainly on the plastic disposable tableware volumetric deviation, weight performance, drop performance, cover folding performance and so on a series of regulatory requirements, especially for plastic disposable tableware temperature performance, such as hot water, Heat-resistant oil has developed specific requirements.
According to the new standard, plastic disposable tableware according to its material can be divided into general plastic disposable tableware, plant fiber molding disposable tableware, starch-based plastic disposable tableware, other plastic disposable tableware; according to its use The temperature can be divided into temperature and temperature is not a one-time tableware; in accordance with the degradation performance can be divided into non-degradable disposable tableware and biodegradable disposable tableware; can also be divided into microwave and non-microwave Disposable tableware.
At the same time, the standard of disposable tableware with hot water resistance, heat oil performance, water leakage performance, weight performance and microwave oven temperature performance, have made specific provisions. For example, the standard requirements, disposable tableware with hot water test, should not be deformed, from the skin, wrinkling, the container function of the tableware should not be deformed, Yin Yin and leakage; disposable tableware hot oil test , Should not be deformed, from the skin, wrinkling, the container function of the restaurant should not be oozing and leakage; on the possession of liquid function boxes, bowls, cups and other disposable tableware, after the test should not be leaking; Boxes, bowls, cups and other dining utensils, the height change before and after the height should not be greater than 5%; microwave oven test should be no deformation, defects, leakage and abnormalities ... ... These provisions for the consumer scientific purchase, safe use of food and beverage provided a guide The
"Degradable" is not free to mark
With the implementation of the new national standard, the implementation of the past decade gb18006.1-1999 "one-time degradable tableware general technical conditions" standard was replaced. "Plastic disposable tableware general technical requirements" does not apply to disposable paper tableware, paper cups, chopsticks, bamboo chopsticks and other non-thermoplastic materials made of disposable tableware, while compared to the original standard, modify the classification, Raw materials, technical requirements, increased sensory indicators in the content of the smell, etc., the use of performance testing on the scope of the test and the number of samples. Increase the starch-based plastic disposable tableware starch content requirements, clear starch content of not less than 40%.
The use of microwave ovens to increase the use of disposable tableware microwave oven performance and test methods, supplemented with starch-based plastic disposable tableware and other disposable tableware health and physical and chemical indicators of the new requirements, modified the inspection procedures and degradation performance requirements Scope of application, test methods and technical indicators. Degradation performance requirements and test methods are also used by the original standard gb / t18006.2-1999 "one-time degradation of the degradation of the performance test method" instead of using gb / t20197-2008 "degradation of plastic definition, classification, labeling and degradation performance Claim".
The standard specifies that the biodegradability rate for a biodegradable disposable tableware should not be less than 60%. It is understood that the market has some fake and shoddy so-called "biodegradable lunch boxes" popular, because the real degradable tableware costs 20% higher than non-degradable, and the old technical standards is difficult to ensure law enforcement efforts. According to the new standard, disposable plastic tableware can no longer be marked "degradable" words. "Plastic disposable tableware general technical requirements" provides that only can completely degrade into carbon dioxide or methane, water and other substances in the disposable tableware, can be marked "degradable tableware", the degradable food has a more specific, quantitative Component requirements.
Industry supervision is subject to follow
Before the implementation of the new national standard, a wide range of disposable plastic dining utensils, different functions, but many of the product packaging logo are too simple, lack of norms, a variety of products are used in general plastic bags for simple packaging, Clear the origin, manufacturers and other information, and no product chemical composition, composition of substances, health standards, high temperature performance and other key information. The implementation of the new standard will give a one-time tableware production enterprises clear standard basis, new opportunities and challenges.